INGL – Transmission Backbone
Israel Natural Gas Lines Ltd. (“INGL”) is a government owned corporation, established in 2003 for the construction and operation of the national natural gas transmission infrastructure.
The Transmission System constructed and operated by INGL includes, inter-alia, on-shore and off-shore pipelines and facilities, LNG buoy, receiving terminals, block valve stations and PRMS units, spread all over the State of Israel. The existing Transmission System, as constructed by INGL, includes approximately 700 km of high-pressure natural gas pipeline of various diameters (between 10″ to 36″), 3 receiving terminals, 100 block valves stations, 48 PRMS units and a LNG buoy. In addition, currently under construction or about to begin construction are approximately 100 km of 36″ high pressure natural gas pipeline, 2 receiving terminals, block valves stations and PRMS units.
Natural Gas Pipelines Throughout Israel
The Israel natural gas transmission system encompasses a number of systems, including:
Delivery stations located in Ashdod and Ashkelon to receive natural gas delivered on behalf of shippers by suppliers upstream.
A deep water LNG receiving terminal and monitoring system to receive natural gas from floating storage and regasification vessels, located approximately 10 kilometers west of Hadera’s coastline (in operation since January 2013), and connected through an offshore line to the national transmission system.
Underground pipelines for transporting high pressure natural gas around the country. To date, INGL has laid approximately 650 km of high-pressure pipelines.
Block valve stations throughout the system.
PRMS stations to reduce pressure and meter gas deliveries, located at the consumer delivery points.
Facilities for operations and security, to monitor and control the network.
Maintenance and logistics centers at several locations nationwide.
The Deep Water LNG Terminal
In January 2013, INGL launched the Hadera Deepwater LNG Terminal to receive natural gas from LNG tankers.
The decision to build the terminal was made by the Minister of Energy and Water Resources in the middle of 2011, in order to find a way to bridge a temporary undersupply of natural gas created by the gap between the depletion of existing reservoirs, coupled with damage to the supply of gas from Egypt, and the arrival of gas from the “Tamar” reservoir.
The terminal provides the national transmission system with the ability to import LNG to Israel and thus creates another gateway, that augments Israel’s energy security. Using the terminal, the national transmission system can receive some 2.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas, representing half of today’s gas needs.
This exceptional project joins other special projects that the company is currently considering to further develop the natural gas sector, to improve reliability and to eliminate any redundancies in the gas system. Within this context, the company is also exploring the possibility of natural gas exports, and establishing a strategic storage gas reservoir.